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Categorized | Aquaponics Fish Tips

8 Simple Steps on How to Start Small Scale Fish Farming

Credit Image: Quatermass

Credit Image: Quatermass

Have you ever dreamt of owning a small scale fish farm? Do you wish to enjoy a steady harvest all year round? If you answered “Yes” to these questions, then you will definitely find aquaculture useful. Aquaculture can be done by anyone with a little bit of land area. By following eight simple steps, you can put together an efficient small scale fish farming system quickly. These eight steps should be easy to follow for new beginners of aquaculture.

How to Start Small Scale Fish Farming In Eight Simple Steps

 
Before you set up an aquaponics system, you should organize and strategize first before you jump right in head first. These eight simple steps are easy to follow, and will help get you started in the right direction.

Step #1 – Personal Readiness and Motives

 
First of all, you should maintain a list of your personal readiness and motives. You should determine the goal of your aquaponics system. If you know how to feed and maintain fishes, you will know how to setup a good aquaculture unit. Similarly, you must verify if you have a steady source of water. Without fresh water, you cannot establish a good aquaponics system. On the other hand, novice aquaculture enthusiasts must learn basic fish rearing strategies.

Step #2 – Know Your Fishing Regulations

 
Secondly, you should be a master of all fishing regulations in your state. Check if you are allowed to breed a specific variety of fishes in your aquaculture. If “No” you should acquire special permission from local authorities. Always remember that every state has its very own set of guidelines. Also, try to acquire assistance from local authorities before establishing the aquaponics system. If the small scale fish farming system is for business ventures, you should get hold of operational permits and commercial licenses from the state.

Step #3 – A Good Budget & Plan

 
Thirdly, you should make a perfect budget and plan. The plan should match with your budget. Before putting together a plan, you must think twice and gain professional help. Meanwhile, you must browse through the internet and get interesting culturing tips. In terms of the budget, check if you are prepared to buy new materials or not! Sometimes, it would be wiser to improvise the current aquaculture materials you own.

Meanwhile, you should keep an eye on the farm’s profitability. Before kick starting a small scale fish farm, the profit margin should be evaluated and fixed. This is a crucial examination that will help you plan your resources, time, business venture and efforts carefully. Many important facets should be taken into consideration for a well performing small scale fish farm. This en covers over artifacts like the legal aspects, capital costs, supply threshold, demand margin and operating costs. Always remember that your profit margin will depend on these additional charges.

Step #4 – Setting an Aquaponics System

 
Now, it’s time to set up the aquaponics system. Different types of fishes will require a unique, customized environment with tanks, ponds and raceways. Based on the fishes you grow, you should handpick add-on features. For instance, tilapias require a cage or tank with gears that can re-circulate water smoothly and frequently.

Big or small, new or old, fish or plant, to set up a farm you should acquire definite knowledge about the field of work. Experience fish farm owners consider the chore as an interesting hobby. Nevertheless, if you are new to the world of fish farming, you must take up a course! Prior training will teach you processing skills, water quality management, marketing strategies, disease control in fish farms and feeding. Like many other businesses, fish farming requires both managerial and technical skills. You should master the two worlds for a successful fish farm.

Step #5 – Creating an Ideal Environment

 
Once the basic aquaponics system is established, you should get the cultural environment working. Introduce fishes and plants into your aquaculture system. Based on the fishes you choose, the tank’s temperature, pH and pressure must be maintained. As the fishes grow, the aquaponics system will require more care and attention. As mentioned previously, the fishes should be nurtured in favorable conditions. The best temperature for small fishes would range between 80 to 110 degrees Fahrenheit. The best pH would be 7.5 and a dissolved oxygen ratio of 6 ppm. Only under optimal conditions, can you expect a perfect aquaponics system.

As mentioned previously, the performance and efficiency of your fish farm will depend on your surroundings. Thus, you should do lots of research about the fish farming business. As potential would-be fish farm owners, you should suspect and analyze the surrounding location carefully. Make sure you have a steady source of pure water near your location. Some fishes tend to grow perfectly in clean water. On the other hand, certain breeds will grow in any kind of water or atmosphere. Also, keep an eye on the kind of natural resources in your location. If your ambience is extremely polluted, you should fine tune your fish farm with more concern.

Step #7 – The Right Kind of Bedding for your Fish Farm

 
The small scale fish farm must have a perfect organic bed. The bedding should begin with strong base. According to experts, the base must have shredded paper. You can obtain these paper strands from brown paper bags, non glossy magazines, paper packages and newspapers. These papers should be soaked in warm water before being used as bedding. Following on, you should create a healthy layer above the bedding surface. This layer must be filled with the right kind of minerals and organic fertilizers.

The next layer should comprise of silt, sand, clay and untreated wood dust. Conversely, you can replace untreated wood dust with bark chips and peat moss. If you want organic bedding that can support different types of fishes, you must add rye straw and heaps of wet grass above the paper-based bedding. However, make sure you don’t include plant food in this layer. This is because plant food may have worms that are acidic to your fishes. Additionally, if you are ought to use grass, you must ensure it is nurtured and cured properly in the sun.

Step #8 – It’s Time To Harvest!

 
Finally, you must harvest the fishes! As the fishes reach a perfect size, you can taste the fruits of your effort!

You can learn more, on the pros and cons aquaculture if you’re thinking about starting your own business.

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