If you are wondering on how to make your own hydroponic nutrient solution, consider yourself pretty lucky! Hydroponic systems are special platforms used to cultivate plants and fishes at all times of the year. Plants that grow hydroponically live on liquid based fertilizers. Mostly the growing medium doesn’t require any soil.
According to experienced hydroponic gardeners, the plants require three major elements, namely potassium, nitrogen and phosphorous. And, micronutrients like iron and zinc should be added to the soil externally.
Unfortunately, specialized ingredients can be expensive and rare. This is why budget conscious farmers tend to make their very own best hydroponic nutrient solutions. The next few lines will give you a comprehensive insight on how to create liquid fertilizers at home.
Point #1 – Choose the Right Kind of Nutrients
Firstly, you should choose the right kind of nutrients. The nutrients would differ from one plant to another. Two important elements all plants need would be oxygen and carbon. Luckily, these nutrients are obtained from air and water. Hence, your hydroponic nutrient solution doesn’t require these elements.
Point #2 – Be Familiar with Macronutrients
Now, you should become familiar with the macronutrients. This en covers over important nutrients like magnesium sulphate, potassium nitrate, calcium nitrate, potassium sulphate and mono potassium phosphate. Each of these compounds have a huge array of benefits and characteristic features.
Point #3 – Know Your Micronutrients
Moving on, you must decide on ideal micronutrients. Experts consider these as trace elements. Nevertheless, remember that these elements are also important. As suggested by its name, you should include micronutrients in very small quantities in the mixture.
The elements would have an impact in the reproduction, development and growth of hydroponic plants. Famous micronutrients would include nickel, boron, sodium, copper, chlorine, silicon and cobalt.
Point #4 – Making a Good Mixture!
Conversely, it’s time to mix the micronutrients and macronutrients properly! Just like reverse osmosis, you must use only distilled water to blend the essential nutrients. Tap water must be avoided, due to the presence of ions and free radicals. Complex ions and radicals prove to be harmful.
While mixing nutrients, you should use a good food graded plastic container. For a small hydroponic system, a 4-litre jug will be sufficient. On the other hand, some gardeners tend to use 20-litre containers while mixing large amounts of nutrients.
Point #5 – Making Accurate Measurements
Be very careful with the amount of nutrients you include in the hydroponic nutrient solution. Make use of sterilized filter papers and plastic scoops to store the chemicals. Also, buy a graduated cylinder to measure the nutrients accurately. Remember that too little or too much nutrients will have adverse effects on the plants.
Point #6 – Letting the Hydroponic Solution Flow
You can transfer the hydroponic nutrient solution, with or without a funnel! Nevertheless, when you use a funnel, everything will be under control. The chemicals will not flow out of the container or cause accidental spills. These spills will induce a nutritional imbalance in the hydroponic nutrient solution.
As you add the nutrients, remember to pour water into the container slowly. And, bear in mind that nutrients should not be lost or included into the system.